Design, construct and utilize fuel systems using this comprehensive reference work. Combustion Engineering Issues for Solid Fuel Systems combines modeling, policy/regulation and fuel properties with cutting edge breakthroughs in solid fuel combustion for electricity generation and industrial applications. This book moves beyond theory to provide readers with real-life experiences and tips for addressing the various technical, operational and regulatory issues that are associated with the use of fuels. With the latest information on CFD modeling and emission control technologies, Combustion Engineering Issues for Solid Fuel Systems is the book practicing engineers as well as managers and policy makers have been waiting for.
By some estimates, at current usage fossil fuels could be exhausted around the year 2040. This has led to an increasing trend toward the use of renewable raw materials for the production of various products. Cereal straws, which consist of three different polymer entities, can supply renewable biomass that can be used in producing raw materials for the pulp and paper industry, transport fuels and chemical feedstock. This book describes the recent development of techniques for fractionation and conversion of cereal straws as environmental-friendly materials for industries. At the same time it is a comprehensive survey of straw chemistry. The first section describes the fundamentals of straw structure, its analysis and components. The second covers the extractives, which include isolation and structural characterization. The third focus on hemicelluloses. Novel and environmentally friendly isolation and modification methods and the large-scale procedure of purification are covered. The fourth section covers the occurrence, structure, and chemical modification of cellulose from various straws. The fifth section deals with straw lignins, including their occurrence, structure and constitution, isolation and heterogeneity, and physico-chemical properties. The final section is concerned with utilization of straw and straw components after chemical modification. 1. This is the first book on straw chemistry, providing the basics of straw composition and the structure of the cell walls 2. Provides the procedures to fractionate the straw components in order to produce chemical derivatives from straw cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin. 3. Elucidates the new techniques for the production of biodegradable materials for the pulp and paper industries, the energy sector and chemical industry. This is the first book on straw chemistry, providing the basics of straw composition and the structure of its cell wallsProvides the procedures to fractionate the straw components in order to produce chemical derivatives from straw cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin.Elucidates the new techniques for the production of biodegradable materials for the pulp and paper industries, the energy sector and chemical industry.
The 30th International Geological Congress was held in Beijing, China in August 1997. Leading scientists convened to present their findings and views to the international geological research community. Volume 18a of 26 focuses on the geology of fossil fuels, specifically oil and gas. All articles in the proceedings have been refereed and keynote papers have been included in Volume 1. These proceedings aim to present a view of contemporary geology and should be of interest to researchers in the geological sciences.
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